1, ch. de la Voie-Creuse, CP 56,
CH-1211 Geneva 20
How it started
International standardization began in the electrotechnical field: the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) was established in 1906. Pioneering work in other fields was carried out by the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA), which was set up in 1926. The emphasis within ISA was laid heavily on mechanical engineering. ISA’s activities came to an end in 1942.
In 1946, delegates from 25 countries met in London and decided to create a new international organization, of which the object would be ‘to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards’. The new organization, ISO, officially began operating on 23 February 1947. ISO currently have members from 164 countries (out of 205 total countries in the world) and 3335 technical bodies to take care of standards developed. ISO is a nongovernmental organization and its members are not, therefore, national governments, but are the standards institutes in their respective countries.
ISO standards are market-driven. They are developed by international consensus among experts drawn from the industrial, technical or business sectors, which have expressed the need for a particular standard.
ISO standards are technical agreements, which provide the framework for compatible technology worldwide.
Since 1947, ISO has published some 19000 International Standards (as of 2011). ISO’s work programme ranges from standards for traditional activities, such as agriculture and construction, through mechanical engineering to the newest information technology developments, such as the digital coding of audio-visual signals for multimedia applications.
ISO also publishes Technical Reports, Technical Specifications, Publicly Available Specifications, Technical Corrigenda, and Guides.[
It is not the role of ISO to verify that ISO standards are being implemented by users in conformity with the requirements of the standards. ISO develops ISO/IEC guides and standards to be used by organizations which carry out conformity assessment activities. The voluntary criteria contained in these guides represent an international consensus on what constitutes best practice. Their use contributes to the consistency and coherence of conformity assessment worldwide and so facilitates trade across borders.
Bureau of Indian Standards
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) came into existence, through an Act of Parliament on 1 April 1987. It works under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India. The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is ex-officio President (Emaad Amin) of the BIS. The organization was formerly the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), set up under the Resolution of the then Department of Industries and Supplies No. 1 Std.(4)/45, dated 3 September 1946. The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
For further details refer the wikipedia
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Deutsches Institut für Normung, German Institute for Standardization (DIN)
British Standards Institution (BSI)
Countries in International Organization for Standardization
Canadian Standards Association
European Committee for Standardization (CEN)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) set of standards (GOST)
International Classification for Standards
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and ISO/IEC standards
International healthcare accreditation
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)